Here’s how you can identify and prevent a heat stroke

As summer approaches and temperatures rise across the country, residents are advised to take precautions while venturing outdoors to prevent a heat stroke.

The Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) has issued an alert saying a heatwave would grip Karachi next week for three days from May 1-3, with temperatures to range from 40 to 42 degrees Celcius accompanied by dry and hot winds.

With Karachi expected to remain hot and dry in the coming days, we take a look at the symptoms of a heat stroke and measures that can be taken to prevent it.

What is a heat stroke?
Heat stroke results from prolonged exposure to high temperatures — usually in combination with dehydration — which leads to failure of the body’s temperature control system.

What are the symptoms of a heat stroke?

A heatstroke patient being shifted to Jinnah Hospital. Mercury reached 43°C as the dreaded heat wave returns to the country’s industrial hub. Photo: Online

Those suffering from heatstroke may exhibit signs and symptoms such as:

– High temperature but without sweating

– Throbbing headache

– Dizziness and light-headedness

– Lack of sweating despite the heat

– Red, hot, and dry skin

– Muscle weakness or cramps

– Nausea and vomiting

– Rapid heartbeat, which may be either strong or weak

– Rapid, shallow breathing

– Behavioural changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering

– Seizures

– Unconsciousness



Here are some measures you can take to shield yourself from a heat stroke:

– Avoid strenuous activity

– Wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing

– Wear a wide-brimmed hat or cap

– Use sunscreen

– Take frequent showers

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